If you're visiting this website, you're probably curious about what Italian dual citizenship is and what it entails. If you have any Italian ancestry, you might be eligible for Italian dual citizenship (more on that later in this post). But before we get to determining eligibility, let's break down the basics of Italian dual citizenship.
So how come you can have both U.S. and Italian citizenship at the same time?
The short answer is because citizenship jus soli and jus sanguinis do not overlap, and are allowed to co-exist since they depend on different criteria.
The long answer is that Italian law specifically allows for dual citizenship with citizens coming from jus soli countries. As per wikipedia: "According to Italian law, multiple citizenship is explicitly permitted under certain conditions if acquired on or after 15 August 1992. (Prior to that date, Italian citizens with jus soli citizenship elsewhere could keep their dual citizenship perpetually, but Italian citizenship was generally lost if a new citizenship was acquired, and the possibility of its loss through a new citizenship acquisition was subject to some exceptions.) Those who acquired another citizenship after that date but before 23 January 2001 had three months to inform their local records office or the Italian consulate in their country of residence. Failure to do so carried a fine. Those who acquired another citizenship on or after 23 January 2001 could send an auto-declaration of acquisition of a foreign citizenship by post to the Italian consulate in their country of residence. On or after 31 March 2001, notification of any kind is no longer necessary."
Exceptions to the rules for Italian dual citizenship
There are only three exceptions to the rules for Italian dual citizenship. But, as with all things in Italy, even the exceptions have exceptions.
Determining if you qualify for Italian dual citizenship
Finding out whether or not you qualify for Italian dual citizenship is as easy as finding your last Italian-born ancestor, and determining if any of the following situations apply:
And so on and so forth. There is no limit to generations, and you may go back as far as possible as long as your Italian ancestor was still alive after March 17, 1861 (the date of Italian unification). Before that date, there was no such thing as an Italian citizen.
For the purposes of Italian dual citizenship, “Italian citizenship at the time of birth” means that he or she did not acquire any other citizenship through naturalization before the descendant’s birth.
We can look through your individual case, determine your eligibility and organize your paperwork. We'll exhaust all the possibilities and identify the most promising option(s). Once determined eligible, we can map our your lineage, collect extensive documentation (both domestic and Italian), translate all your records and assist you in your dual citizenship application. We can even help you apply for Italian dual citizenship in Italy!
Audra de Falco is a certified freelance Italian, Spanish and French translator and interpreter. She loves writing about the profession and dual Italian citizenship. Her free time is spent mostly learning Dutch, reading and exploring New York. Contact.